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Theoretical Training

Theoretical Training

First Stage

The first stage of the training runs from February 1st of the year of enrolment to October 31st of the same year. From July 1st to October 31st, students in Administrative Justice are divided into two departments. One department includes students who wish to be appointed as probationary judicial officers at the Council of State and the ordinary administrative courts, and the other includes students who wish to be appointed as probationers at the Court of Audit and the Advocate General Audit Office. The same period also applies for students in the Civil/Criminal Justice and Magistrates’ areas. Especially, as far as Prosecutors are concerned, the course runs from February 1st to October 31st.

The courses aim primarily at: a) cultivating freethinking among judicial officers and at highlighting the need to adhere to the fundamental principles of the political system; b) teaching the methodology of processing files; c) drafting proposals, draft decisions, provisional judicial protection orders, indictments or written recommendations to Judicial Councils, and rulings or orders; d) simulating virtual trials by processing real cases and addressing issues that arise before the audience; e) simulating virtual deliberations by examining and analysing cases of interest from the point of the case law, or cases whose hearing concluded, but whose deliberation is pending; f) discussing areas where there have been substantial changes in legislation and case law in recent years; g) addressing practical issues related with their duties, such as time management when processing cases, conduct towards colleagues, court employees, lawyers and litigants; h) creating working groups and assigning roles to them (workshops); and i) offering insight on information and communication technology issues, including issues of artificial intelligence in relation to legal science.

The courses also include study visits to courts in order to attend trials or deliberations, as well as seminars, information days or lectures.

During the first stage of training, trainees are evaluated by seven (7) main lecturers, who have taught at least for ten (10) days each, in terms of scientific knowledge, analysis and synthesis skills, sound judgement, ability to formulate reasoning, arguments and conclusions, diligence, zeal, industriousness, ethics and conduct, in context of their general performance during the course. Marks range from zero (0) to fifteen (15). The final mark is formed as the GPA of the marks given by the seven (7) main lecturers. Trainees who receive a final mark of at least eight (8) are considered successful, provided that they have not received a mark lower than eight (8) in at least four (4) of the evaluated courses.

Theoretical Training

Graduation Examination

From 8 to 18 November, trainees who have received a general mark of at least eight (8) during the first stage of training shall sit before a three-member committee for a graduation examination which includes only a written test. The written test involves three exams on practical subjects per area and per department, where separate departments are included within the same area as follows:

Trainees in Administrative Justice: a) For those interested in filling positions at the Council of State and the ordinary administrative courts, case files include specific issues with emphasis on: i) constitutional law, ii) administrative law, and iii) law on administrative disputes; b) For those interested in filling positions at the Court of Audit and the Advocate General Audit Office, case files include specific issues with emphasis on: i) constitutional law, specifically issues that fall under the jurisdiction of the Court of Audit, ii) financial law, and iii) law on administrative disputes that fall under the jurisdiction of the Court of Audit.

Trainees in Civil and Criminal Justice: Case files include specific issues with emphasis on: a) civil law, commercial law and civil procedure law; b) civil law and civil procedure law or a combination thereof; and c) criminal law, in the context of Criminal Code and special criminal laws, and in criminal procedure law or a combination thereof, in conjunction with all the above, as well as European Law.

Trainee Prosecutors: Case files include specific issues with emphasis on a) criminal law, in the framework of Criminal Code and special criminal laws; b) criminal procedure law or a combination thereof; and c) European Criminal Law.

Trainee magistrates: court files include specific issues with emphasis on: a) civil law, commercial law and civil procedure law; b) civil law and civil procedure law or a combination thereof; and c) criminal law and criminal procedure law.

The GPA in the above mentioned modules of each area is the final mark of the written graduation exams. Those who received a general mark of at least eight (8) pass the examination successfully. Decimal places beyond the hundredths place shall not be taken into account.

Theoretical Training

Lists Of Successful Candidates

The reserve lists classify successful trainees by order of merit, taking into account the sum of points each trainee received:

a) In the admission exam with a weighted factor of three tenths (30%);

b) during the first stage of training, the GPA with a weighted factor of three tenths (30%); and

c) in the graduation exams with a weighted factor of four tenths (40%). Each mark is multiplied by the corresponding weighted factor, and the sum of marks obtained is divided by the sum of weighted factors.

Theoretical Training

Allocation To Departments

Trainees in Administrative Justice who are included in the lists of successful candidates are classified, based on their merit order and the preference statement they have submitted, in departments of judicial officers, which were included in the admission examination, and the respective statutory posts, which are to be filled as follows:

a) Candidate probationary officers in the Council of State;

b) Candidate members of the Administrative Court of First Instance;

c) Candidate probationary officers in the Court of Audit; and

d) Candidate probationary officers in the Advocate General Audit Office of the Court of Audit.